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Among the content you will find in our Forex Glossary includes:. With that being said and without further ado, we shall embark upon this journey, together and may you enlightenment to follow be all that you hoped for and more. Forex, referred to as a foreign exchange, refers to the foreign exchange market — the largest and most liquidated financial market in the world. The foreign exchange market is a decentralized financial market and is referred to as an OTC over-the-counter market in which the foreign currencies of the world are traded.
Analytics — Analytics may be defined as the detection, analysis, and relay of consequential patterns in data. To simplify, analytics seeks to explain or accurately reflect the relationship between data and effective decision making. Base Currency — In a currency pair, it is the first currency whose value is gauged against the second currency. Dollar rate reflects a value of 1.
Black Swan — Defined as an unforeseeable event, Black Swan events are characterized as anomalous events that may have catastrophic consequences. Broker — Generally a firm or sometimes an individual that acts as an intermediary that brings together buyers and sellers for a commission or fee.
Candlestick Chart — Also referred to as a Japanese candlestick chart is a financial chart that helps depict the price movements of currency, derivative, or security. CFDs — CFDs, known as contracts for differences, is an advanced trading strategy where an agreement is struck between a trader and brokerage in the financial derivates trading market. Commission — A fee set forth by a service provider for offering the buying and selling of a product.
Commodities — Commodities are interchangeable goods of the same type used in commerce. Commonly calculated as inputs for the production of goods and services, the quality of commodities may vary but amongst producers, the quality appears relatively uniform. Crash — A crash may be defined as a severe and substantial deprecation in the value of a market. Generally, a crash is a result of an inflated stock market, however, crashes may occur in any market as history has shown us only too well.
Crude Oil — Traded in the world-wide market in the form of spot contracts and derivative contracts, crude oil is a global commodity and is comprised of hydrocarbon deposits and various organic materials. Cryptocurrencies — The term, cryptocurrency derives from the origin of the encryption techniques that are employed to secure the networks which are used to authenticate blockchain technology. The overall state of the economy along with underlying factors like earnings, employment, GDP, manufacturing, management, housing, production, and interest rates are also formulated into the practice of fundamental analysis.
Gold — Gold is a precious metal that is extracted from the earth in the form of gold ore. Once used as the main currency of choice in developed nations, its value reflects a strong correlation with the strength of major currencies being traded on the foreign exchange market. Leverage — A credit offered by a broker allowing forex traders to trade hold far greater trading position than they could afford via their own capital. Leverages are generally expressed as ratios, where the first number is used as a multiplying factor of your account balance.
Ex , infers that you could hold a trade position that is times greater than your account balance. Lot — A lot is a unit of measurement that expresses trade size. In forex there is 3 common lot size that you should familiarize with:. Major currencies all involve the US dollar and tend to be more frequently traded while minor currency pairs include currency pairs that exclude the US dollar.
Margin — A portion of your balance required to make a trade where leverage is utilized. Generally, margin requirements are reflected as a percentage of the whole trading position. The broker demands that the trader either deposits additional capital or sells off preexisting securities to satisfy the minimum value required, otherwise known as the maintenance margin.
MetaTrader5 MT5 — As a whole, MetaTrader5 is widely considered as one of the best applications for trading due to its capability of supporting algorithmic trading applications, such as Expert Advisors, Trading Robots, and Copy Trading. Pip — A unit of measurement that reflects the change in value between two currencies. For major currency pairs, pups are expressed as the fourth decimal value in a quote.
Regulation — A directive or rule created and maintained by an authority, generally a governing or regulatory body. You can learn about all major forex regulations in our Definitive Guide to Forex Regulations in Sentiment Trading — A trading methodology whose central driving force is steered by market sentiment. The primary ideology behind sentiment trading would be that the markets dictate price while sentiment analysis can be employed to gauge how traders feel about a particular stock, market, or underlying asset.
Silver — Silver is a commodity whose precious metal is generally implemented in coins, jewelry, and electronics. Generally, t raders employ a hedge fund strategy known as global macro as a precursor to determine opportune times to buy silver through commodity markets.
Slippage — A resulting difference that occurs between the requested bid price and the price acquired, generally a byproduct due to fluctuating market conditions volatility. Spread — The value difference between the bid and ask price.
Stop Loss — Used as a risk reduction method, stop loss relates to an order to sell a commodity or security at a predetermined price to limit a loss. Take Profit — A trading command that is used that allows profits to be obtained after the price reaches a predetermined level.
Trade Size — A fixed fiat currency or percentage of your trading account balance used to execute a trade. Trading Strategy — A strategy, oftentimes technically-based, that is used to help traders more accurately predict the future direction of an underlying asset.
Technical Analysis — An analysis methodology that is used for predicting the direction of trends, typically leverages the analysis of market cycles, trends, and patterns. Technical Indicators — A mathematical calculation that is based upon historic price, open interest and volume of an underlying security that is used by traders who employ technical analysis.
Quote Currency — Also referred to as the counter currency, a quote currency is the second part of a quoted currency pair. Remember, based currencies are the first quoted currency in a currency pair. Below you will find an index of online trading terminology oftentimes used to explain market and trader behavior in forex trading. Aggressive — Price action or a trader acting with conviction.
Bearish — A market declining in value, reflects a negative price direction. Bullish — A market rising in value and showing signs of strength. Ex The financial markets will become bullish after the effects of COVID wear off and trader sentiment is no longer affected.
Buy Dips — Generally associated with an intra-day trend, traders seek to buy between 20 to 30 pip pullbacks. Choppy — Short-term price movements that are not consistent for aggressive trading. Crater — Term used to describe a potential hard sell-off in the market. Dispersion — A statistical term that relates the size of the distribution of values that are expected for a particular variable.
Downtrend — Also referred to as a bearish market, a downtrend is where the price of an underlying asset is decreasing in value. Extended — A market that has been considered to travel too far, too fast. Gunning — Referenced with respect to traders where traders seek to push stops or technical levels in the FX market. Level — In regards to technical analysis, may reference a price zone or predetermined price that is considered significant.
Neutral — Price action that is neither increasing or decreasing in value much over an extended period of time. Resistance Level — An upper price level for an underlying asset that has been repeatedly reached but not surpassed as a result of resistance from the market. Support Level — A low price level for an underlying asset in which price meets but does not generally fall below in value.
Uptrend — Also referred to as a bullish market, an uptrend is where the price of an underlying asset is increasing in value. Volatility — A statistical quantification of the dispersion of returns for an underlying asset, market index or particular security. Arbitrage — The practice of conducting a simultaneous purchase or sale of a financial instrument in order to leverage small price differentials occurring between markets. Chartist — An individual who relies upon charts to better interpret the historical price action of underlying assets to predict future price movements and trends.
Conversion Rate — Conversion rates are defined as a rate that is used to compute all profits and losses of a particular currency into U. Correlation — The measurement of the relationship between two assets; correlation does not infer causation.
Cross Rate — The exchange rate between two currencies. Day Trading — The opening and closing of a position on the same day; day traders trend to invest short-term market movements. Decentralized — Decentralized refers to the market not being controlled by an institution or an entity. In Forex, usually only occurs during weekends — between the Friday's close and the Monday's open price. See the gap trading strategy. GDP Gross Domestic Product A measure of the national income and output for the country's economy; it is one of the most important fundamental indicators in Forex.
The order is alive good until its execution or cancellation. Hedging Maintaining a market position which secures the existing open positions in the opposite direction. Jobber A slang word for a trader who is aimed toward fast but small and short-term profit from intraday trading. Jobber rarely leaves open positions overnight. Released monthly by the Conference Board. Limit Order An order for a broker to buy a lot for fixed or lesser price or sell a lot for fixed or better price. Such price is called a limit price.
Liquidity A measure of markets that describes relationship between the trading volume and the price change. Long A position which is in a Buy direction. In Forex, the primary currency when bought is long and another is short. Loss A loss from closing a long position at a lower rate than opening or from closing a short position with a higher rate than opening.
Loss may also occur if the profit from a position's closing was lower than the broker's commission on it. Lot A definite amount of units or amount of money accepted for operations handling usually, it is a multiple of Margin Money that the investor needs to keep at a broker's account to execute trades.
Margin supplies the possible losses that may occur in margin trading. Margin Account An account that is used to hold investor's deposited money for trading. Margin Call A broker's demand to deposit more margin money to the margin account when its size falls below a certain minimum. Market Order An order to buy or sell a lot at a current market rate. Market Price A current rate, at which the currency is traded in the market. Martingale A position sizing strategy that involves doubling the bet after each loss.
See the Martingale trading system. Momentum A measure of the currency's ability to move in a given direction. Moving Average MA One of the most basic technical indicators. It shows the average rate calculated over a series of time periods. Offer Ask A rate of the offer — the rate you buy for. Open Position Trade A position on buying long or selling short of a currency pair.
Order An order for a broker to buy or sell a currency at a certain rate. Percentage Allocation Management Module PAMM A broker-side system that allows investors to invest with traders, and allows traders to manage investors' funds using the broker's platform. See the list of brokers with PAMM brokers. See the pivot points calculator. Pip Point The last digit in a currency rate e. Profit Gain A positive amount of money gained for closing the position.
Principal Value The initially invested amount of money. QE Quantitative Easing A monetary policy employed by central banks. It involves buying and holding the financial assets from the country's financial institutions to provide money supply and keep the prices of those financial assets from falling. Resistance A price level where an uptrend stalls. Its breach can lead to a significant price rally. RSI Relative Strength Index A technical indicator that measures the power of a directional price movement by comparing the bullish and bearish portions of the trend.
Scalping A style of trading notable by a big number of positions that are opened for extremely small and short-term profits. See the scalping trading strategy. Settled Closed Position A closed position, for which all needed transactions have been made.
Slippage Execution of an order at a rate different from expected ordered. The main reasons for slippage are "fast" market, low liquidity, and poor execution quality by broker. Spread A difference between Ask and Bid rates of a currency pair. Standard Lot , units of the base currency of a currency pair you are buying or selling. Stop-Limit Order An order to sell or buy a lot at a certain rate or worse after it first reaches some opposite price level.
It is a combination of a stop-order and a limit-order. Stop-Loss Order An order to close a position when the market reaches a certain rate.
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The Forex Dictionary is a Belgian education platform. We will teach you to trade in a efficient way. We look forward to guide you! Use our forex glossary to get adjusted to the common vernacular used by other forex traders. Our glossary explains common trading terms, forex vocabulary, complete and concise definitions for all the most important forex terms.